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一粒种子造福万千苍生 人民日报追记复旦大学教授钟扬

2019-05-27 17:37 来源:新浪家居

  一粒种子造福万千苍生 人民日报追记复旦大学教授钟扬

  HealthySino-Frenchrelationsbenefitworld:XiOutgoingFrenchPresidentFrancoisHollande(center)andPresident-electattendaceremonymarkingthe72ndannive:AFPEmmanuelMacronsvictoryintheFrenchpresidentialelectionisgoodnewsfortheEU,aswellasforFrancesrelationswithChina,,far-rightpoliticianMarineLePen,inSundayctonMonday,,XisaidFrancewasthefirstmajorWesterncountrytohaveestablisheddiplomatictieswiththePeoplesRepublicofChina,andthatmaintainingthesteadyandhealthydevelopmentoftheChina-Francerelationshipbenefitsnotonlythetwocountries,swinwillseeFrancestandcloserwithChinaduetotheirsharedcommitmenttofreetrade,globalization,itseconomyonitsown,saidChuYin,svictorymeansFrancewillremainonthesideofGermany,whilepotentiallydistancingitselffromUSPresident,whohasfailedtosupportaunitedEurope,globalizationandtheParisclimateagreement."ChinasupportsEuropeanintegration,,",MacrontoldmediahisviewsonFrancesrelationswithChinaforthefirsttime,sayingthat"BilateralrelationsbetweenFranceandChinaboastahistoricalmeaning,"and"FrancehasmaintainedastrategicpartnershipwithChinainmanyfields,especiallyinenergy,",foreignpolicyandmilitaryandhasectedpresident."IfIwereelectedpresident,IwouldworktomaintaintheexistingpoliticalanddiplomaticrelationshipwithChina,sinceChinaisanimportantallytoFranceandEuropeinfightingagainstterrorism,preventingclimatechangeandpromotingglobalandregionalpeace,",,hesaidFranceisattheforefrontofthefightagainstterrorism,bothonitsownsoilandontheinternationalstage."Macron,FrancecantactliketheUK,becausejustmeanstheEUhasonefewermember,butifFranceleavestheEUthenitwilldirectlyleadtothecollapseofthewholeunion,"saidFengZhongping,directorofEuropeanstudiesattheChinaInstitutesofContemporaryInternationalRelations."FranceisatraditionallandpowerofEuropeanditcannotisolateitselffromthecontinent…soLePensfar-rightpositionwhichcallsforFrancetoquittheEUcannotwinmajoritysupport,"WangYiwei,aseniorresearchfellowattheChongyangInstituteforFinancialStudiesattheRenminUniversityofChina,,finalresultsshowed,,andone-thirdofthosevotingchoseneithercandidate,,,Macronaddressedsupportersofhisfar-rightrivalandsaidhewilldoeverythinghecaninthenextfiveyearstoensurethat"theyhavenoreasontovoteforextremeparties.""MacronsvictorymeanscontinuityfromFrancoisHollande,butLePensfar-rightsupporterswillnotdisappearandFrenchsocietywillbepolarized,"saidZhengRuolin,,liketheterroristthreat,immigrationcrisisandsectarianfriction,willnotdisappear,seconomicpolicywillalsogetclosertotherightbutsocialandsecuritypolicieswillgoleft,soisthisworkableforFranceThiswillbeabigquestionthatMacronneedstoanswerwhenheformallytakesoffice,"Wangsaid.我们要进一步弘扬“上海精神”,提倡创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享的发展观,践行共同、综合、合作、可持续的安全观,秉持开放、融通、互利、共赢的合作观,树立平等、互鉴、对话、包容的文明观,坚持共商共建共享的全球治理观,破解时代难题,化解风险挑战。

依程序,中方需10内回应美方磋商请求。Filephoto:XinhuaTheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)willacceptIndiaandPakistanasfullmembers,whichwillnothaveanimpactontheunityoftheorganization,buttheSCOwillofferaplatformforNewDelhiandIslamabadtosolvetheirdisputesbetweenthemselves,dattendthe17thinAstana,capitalofKazakhstan,whereIndiaandPakistan,twoSCOobservers,willbegrantedfullmembership,Chines,China,Russia,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,TajikistanandUzbekistan,arealllocatedalongtheancientandsharethe"ShanghaiSpirit"ofmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,respectforculturaldiversityandthepursuitofacommondevelopment,hat"thedecision[tograntIndiaandPakistanfullmembershiptotheSCO]ishistoric,becausewiththeincreaseinmembershiptoeightstates,theSCOcanbecomeanessentialcomponentoftheglobalsecuritysystem."ThereissomeconcernthatthehostilitybetweenIndiaandPakistanmightaffecttheorganization,theSCOwillalsobecomeanidealplatformformemberswithdisputestosolvetheirproblemsbilaterallybasedonthe"ShanghaiSpirit,"LiWei,ananti-terrorexpertattheChinaInstituteofContemporaryInternationalRelations,toldtheGlobalTimesonTuesday."IndiaandPakistanareaccusingeachotherofsupportingterrorism,,ratherthaninternationalizetheirdisputewithintheorganization,"LiWeisaid."Inshort,theSCOisnotaplaceforIndiaandPakistantoquarrel,butaplatformformemberstosettletheirdisputes,"saidLinMinwang,,andtheorganizationhasstagedbiennialmilitaryexercisescode-named"PeaceMission"since2003todealwiththethreatof"terrorism,separatismandreligiousextremism,","PeaceMission2016,"washeldinKyrgyzstaninSeptember2016."AllSCOmembersareparticipatingintheinitiative,andthisorganizationistheinitiativessecurityguarantee,"WangYiwei,seniorresearchfellowattheChongyangInstituteforFinancialStudiesoftheRenminUniversityofChina,seconomicdevelopmentandsecurity,andifPakistanbecomesawealthyandprosperouscountry,itwouldbedifficultforextremismandterrorismtogrow,andthatwould,inturn,improveconditionsalongtheIndia-Pakistanborder,LiWeisaid."SoIdontthinkIndiaandPakistanshouldquarrelwithintheSCO,becausetheywillfindmorereasonstocooperate.""ThemembershipofIndiaandPakistanwilladdtotheSCOsinternationalreputationandallowthebloctobettercoordinatethepositionsofitsmemberstatesonvariousissues,soastoenhancetheircooperation,"AskarNursha,aresearcheratKazakhstansInstituteofWorldEconomyandPolitics,,LialsosaidChinasupportsmembershipforIran,"proactivelyparticipated"initsactivitiesandhasmadepositivecontributionstotheSCOsdevelopment,Reutersreported."ChinawelcomesandsupportsIranswishtobecomeaformalmemberoftheSCO,"and"IthinkthatatthismeetingallsideswillcontinuetoconscientiouslystudytheissueofIranbecomingamemberonthebasisoftheSCOsrelevantrulesandconsensusthroughconsultations,"LiHuilaisaid."Inthenextstage,sexpansionwilldefinitelybringmorediversevoices,,oncethemembersreachagreement,itwillrepresenttheinterestsofabroadregionwithgreatinternationalinfluence,"Linsaid.

  Visa-freevisitstohelpboostislandtourismingestureofopening-upChinaisexpandingitsvisa-freeaccesstoHainanIslandfortouristsfrom59countrieswhoareplanningtovisitChinassouthern-mostprovinceafterMay1,inamovelikelytoboosttheisland,individualtouristswillbeallowedtoflyintothetropicalis,touristswillonlyberequiredtocheckintoahotel,,includingRussia,Britain,France,Germany,andtheUS,,accordingtoanewsreleasesenttotheGlobalTimesbyThe(MPS)onWednesday."ThevisapolicyannouncedonWednesdayisthemostopeninChinaanditcoversmostdevelopedcountriesandthemaintourist-generatingcountries,"LiuSimin,vice-presidentoftourismwiththeChineseSocietyforFutureStudies,sinternationalimageandgiveaboosttothelocaleconomy,readstheMPSrelease."ComparedtomorematureresortdestinationsintheMediterraneanregionandsomeSoutheastAsiancountries,Hainanneed,"recentyearstoattractforeigntourists,saidLiu,notingthatdozensofChinesecities,includingBeijing,Shanghai,GuangzhouinSouthChinasGuangdongProvince,ChangshainCentralChinasHunanProvinceandHarbininNortheastChinasHeilongjiangProvince,,visa-freevisitsbeginninginJanuary,atewithin72hoursaftertheirarrivalarefreetoexplorethenationriesin2010,,saidSongQuancheng,eciprocalvisa-freepolicieswithothercountriesthatallowChinesetouriststotravelwithoutbeingrequiredtoobtainavisa."ItwouldimprovethequalityoftheChinesepassport,"saidLiu,addingthat"awidervisa-freecirclewithfriendlycountriescouldalsohelpboostHainanstourism,"Liusaid.本文系版权作品,未经授权严禁转载。

  气象预报显示,以色列北部和巴勒斯坦领土将迎来60厘米厚大降雪,耶路撒冷的铲雪机和电力工作人员已经处于待命状态。,NorthKoreasRepublicofKorea(DPRK)KimJongUngavefieldguidancetoanewlybuiltresidentialdistrict,theofficialKCNAnewsagencyreportedTuesday,unwillappearattheanniversaryofthefoundingoftherulingWorkersPartyofKorea(WPK)onOctober10,afteraprolongr7,astheEuropsRepublicofKorea(DPRK)onOctober7heldanationalmeetingtomarkthe17thanniversaryoflateleaderKimJong-ilselectionasheadoftherulingparty,statemediareported,heDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)KimYang-GontoldhimonOctober4thattherewasnoproblemwithDPRKleaderKimJong-unshealth,():KimJong-unwatchedtheperforma:NorthKoreanleaderKimJong-unwas:Ashortvid:As:ChosunIlboOctober5:SouthKoreanUnificationMinisterRyooKihl-jaesaidKimYang-gon,aseniorleaderfromtheDPRK,toldhimprivatelythat,duringthevisitofthreeseniorDP:TheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)heldanationalmeetingtomarkthe17thanniversaryoflateleaderKimJong-ilselectionasheadoftherulingparty,statemediareported,,,but"Ibelievethatwegethighl"Source:ChosunIlboOctober10:Kim,whichwasacommemorativeceremonymarkingthe69thanniversaryofthefoundingtherulingWorkersPartyofKorea(WPK).October14:TopleaderoftheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)KimJong-unhasgavefieldguidancetoanewlybuiltresidentialdistrict,theofficialKCNAnewsagencyreportedonOctober14,:Health:NorthKoreasstate-runCentralTVmadeanofficialmentionofitsleaders"indisposedcondition."Location:NorthKoreanleaderKimJong-unisbelievedtobestayingnorthofPyongyangasherecoversfromanundisclosedillness,:ThereisalsospeculationthatKim:InSouthKorea,theUSandJapan,quiteanumberofpeopleholdthattheKoreanPeninsulawontwitnessadramati,anexpertonNorthKoreaatthePartySchooloftheCPCCentralCommitteeSpeculationsonwhyNorthKoreastopleaderKimJong-unhasnotappearedinpublicforoveramontharefuell:Chin,NorthKoreamustmakeachange,whichisnotonlyaresultoftheheightenedpressureitfaces,,theNorthKoreanleadershipmustgetagripoverthetrans"opening-up",,,underthecurrentstatesystem,ThekeydivergencebetweenNorthKoreaandChinaliesinthenuclearissue,buttherearemultipleconflictsamongNorthKorea,SouthKorea,ula,whiletheUSlongsforarevamptoNorthKoreassystem,:

ChineseandUSuniversitieshavepledgedhesreformandopening-uppolicyandthe120thanniversaryofPekingUniversity,co-hostedbyalumniassoc,XuZhihong,aformerpresidentofPekingUniversity,calledonthealumniassociationsttuniversitiesandstudentshavearoleinfurtherenhancingtherelationshipbetweentheUnitedStatesandChina."Itismybeliefthatitcallsuponusthegreatuniversitiesintheworldtocontinuetoforgethisrelationship,touseourcapacitiesforprogressandpeaceandunderstandingtobuildnotjustintellectualrelationships,researchrelationships,butpersonalrelationshipsbetweenpeoples,"micandintellectuallevelsamongpeoplesinTexas,spolitical,businessandacademicsocieties.

  嘻嘻哈哈一场看似无足轻重,但廉价笑声中所传播的,并不是什么娱乐精神或者欢笑氛围,而是价值的愈发虚无,道义的愈发破落。

  Thescheduledmeetingbetween#Trumpand#/6/119:51:0840yearsafterreformandopening-up:Chinasforeignexchangereservehasleaptfrom$..2018/6/314:49:51Asof2017,nearly$1billionhasbeeninvestedbetweenChina,a...2018/5/3019:00:07Nearlyhalftheworldspopulationisnowincludedinthe#SCOfollowingtheadditionofIndia,Pakistanas...2018/5/2918:02:10In1978,thefirstyearofreformandopening-up,thetertiaryindustryaccountedforasmallpartof...2018/5/2516:12:3140yearsafterreformandopening-up:ChinasGDPincreased82timesto$,or15%...2018/5/2318:23:27Chinasfirst..2018/5/1311:18:41ChinasfirstdomesticallybuiltaircraftcarrierType001AlookssimilartotheLiaoning,butreportssaidthatits...2018/5/138:35:31TheWenchuanEarthquakeinSouthwestChinasSichuanProvincein2008claimedmorethan80,000livesandcausedgreat...2018/5/1111:25:52ChineseVicePremierLiuHeisscheduledtoexchangeviewswiththeUSdelegation,ledbyTreasurySecretary...2018/5/319:05:32The3rdinter-KoreansummitwillbeheldonFridayatthePeaceHouseinthetrucevillageof...2018/4/2620:06:47TheNorthKoreanleaderKimJong-unandSouthKoreanPresidentMoonJae-inwillholdtheinter-Koreansummitat...2018/4/2619:56:09,NorthKoreasRepublicofKorea(DPRK)KimJongUngavefieldguidancetoanewlybuiltresidentialdistrict,theofficialKCNAnewsagencyreportedTuesday,unwillappearattheanniversaryofthefoundingoftherulingWorkersPartyofKorea(WPK)onOctober10,afteraprolongr7,astheEuropsRepublicofKorea(DPRK)onOctober7heldanationalmeetingtomarkthe17thanniversaryoflateleaderKimJong-ilselectionasheadoftherulingparty,statemediareported,heDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)KimYang-GontoldhimonOctober4thattherewasnoproblemwithDPRKleaderKimJong-unshealth,():KimJong-unwatchedtheperforma:NorthKoreanleaderKimJong-unwas:Ashortvid:As:ChosunIlboOctober5:SouthKoreanUnificationMinisterRyooKihl-jaesaidKimYang-gon,aseniorleaderfromtheDPRK,toldhimprivatelythat,duringthevisitofthreeseniorDP:TheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)heldanationalmeetingtomarkthe17thanniversaryoflateleaderKimJong-ilselectionasheadoftherulingparty,statemediareported,,,but"Ibelievethatwegethighl"Source:ChosunIlboOctober10:Kim,whichwasacommemorativeceremonymarkingthe69thanniversaryofthefoundingtherulingWorkersPartyofKorea(WPK).October14:TopleaderoftheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)KimJong-unhasgavefieldguidancetoanewlybuiltresidentialdistrict,theofficialKCNAnewsagencyreportedonOctober14,:Health:NorthKoreasstate-runCentralTVmadeanofficialmentionofitsleaders"indisposedcondition."Location:NorthKoreanleaderKimJong-unisbelievedtobestayingnorthofPyongyangasherecoversfromanundisclosedillness,:ThereisalsospeculationthatKim:InSouthKorea,theUSandJapan,quiteanumberofpeopleholdthattheKoreanPeninsulawontwitnessadramati,anexpertonNorthKoreaatthePartySchooloftheCPCCentralCommitteeSpeculationsonwhyNorthKoreastopleaderKimJong-unhasnotappearedinpublicforoveramontharefuell:Chin,NorthKoreamustmakeachange,whichisnotonlyaresultoftheheightenedpressureitfaces,,theNorthKoreanleadershipmustgetagripoverthetrans"opening-up",,,underthecurrentstatesystem,ThekeydivergencebetweenNorthKoreaandChinaliesinthenuclearissue,buttherearemultipleconflictsamongNorthKorea,SouthKorea,ula,whiletheUSlongsforarevamptoNorthKoreassystem,:

    看到这封占据《人民海军》报头版三分之一版面的来信,听取有关情况汇报后,海军首长研究决定特事特办,将何勰特招入伍,和其他在全国、全军挑选的首批航空母舰女舰员一起进入海军院校和科研院所培训。

  WhenNortheastChinasuffersaslowdown,itspeoplealsofaceanimagecrisis○Nationwidediscriminationagainstdongbeiren(peopleofNortheastChina)hasintensified○Thebadbehaviorofsomeofdongbeirenisattributedtotheregionseconomicdownturn○ExpertsaysthatastructuralreformofNortheastChinawillrevivethoseprovincesAnemployee:VCGTheEmbassyofSwedeninBeijingmighthavebeenbewilderedbygrowingdemandsfromChineseonlineusersrecentlythattheyshoulddiscipline"Swedishpeople",ssocialmediaplatforms,"Swedishpeople"hasbecomeahumorousbutslightlyderogatorytermreferringtopeoplefromthethreeprovincesofNortheastChina(alsoknownasDongbei),namelyJilin,iren(peoplefromNortheastChina)stealingfruitsandvegetablesgrownbylocal,onlineusersstartedtocreatejokesabouttheNortheasternersandthebanterspreadtotheSwedishEmbassy,aboutChinasrustbeltthathasbe,:ICFlowingoutNortheastChina,oncethecountrysprosperousindustrialbase,hasbeenexperiencingamassiveexodusofresidentsduetoitsshrinkingeconomy,fter1949whenpeoplefromotherregionsfloodedtoDongbeitomakealiving."tgetusedtothemarket-orientedeconomyveryquickly,"LiangQidong,thevicepresidentofLiaoningAcademyofSocialSciencesandaneconomist,sopening-upinthe1990s,,,ChenQiufa,governorofLiaoningProvince,openlyadmittedthattheprovincehadinflateditsGDPfiguresfrom2011to2014."LiaoningsproblemreflectsthethreerecessionsofDongbei:resourcedecline,structuralrecessionandsystematicrecession,",,thenumberofState-,manypeoplechosetoaban,,,themigrantpopulationfromHeilongjiangProvincereaches300,000inHainansSanya,whilethepermanentresidentpopulationamongthemisonlyabout130,,thenetoutflowpopulationofthethreenortheastprovinceswasashighas2million,"Thereasonforthedebateaboutdongbeirenisduetotheregionseconomicdownturninrecentyears,aswellassystematic,culturalandpeople-to-peopleissues,"smostgloriouserawasbetweenthe1950sandthe1970s,boastingthehighesturbanizationlevelacrossChina,Liangsaid."Inthe1950sand1960s,andhonoredtoworkupinDongbei."FuYoli,anativeHainanese,said"MostpeopleinHainanhavenotformedastereotypedimagetowarddongbeiren,butweoftenkeepadistancewithunfamiliardongbeirenincasethereistrouble."ZhaoYa"Somedongbeirenindeedstealthingsfromsupermarkets,tmeanallpeoplefromDongbeiarelikethat;somearegood,somearebad."Graphics:GTAbackwardtagThereisapopularsaying-"investmentdoesnotgobeyondShanhaiPass",ChinaInstituteforEmploymentResearchindexes,anindextomonitoremploymentclimate,wereallunderoneinthisyearsfirstquarter,whichisevenlowerthanlastyear,the,andgovernmentjobsaretheonly"real",accordingtoJinXianghua,whocomesfromTonghua,JilinProvince,"Itisalsocommonforpeopletouseguanxi,orconnectionstosolvetheirproblems,socompetitionisnotfairandequalhere,"seducationallevel,,aformervicepresidentattheWordBankandawell-knowneconomist,lastyearproposedastrategyforDongbeitodevelopnewsectorstopromotelocaladvantagescomparedtootherpartsofthecountry,forexample,,Jilinlau,Jinandherclassmatesarenolongerinterestedinherhometownsattemptforarevival."InourWeChatgroup,-tiercitywiththatprogram;Ithinkthereisnohopeformetoeverreturn,"beiren,LiangsaidtheeconomicsituationofDongbeiisnotgood,"Sopleasedon"Headdedthatafteritsstructuralreform,Dongbeiwillbebetter.",",,theregionledthecountryineducation,,dnewjobs,,arecentlyreleasedmovieinBelgium,depictshowamassivenumberof,Dongbeipeoplehavebecomeknownfortheiroutlandishtattoos,shardtolandastablejobinDongbei,man,,"dongbeirenstealthings"and"dongbeirenstealgreenbeans"wentviral,andeven"dongbeirenstealSanya"an,deanofTheSchoolofCommunicationandDesignatSunYat-SenUniversity,toldtheGlobalTimesthatmockingofdongbeirenmayresultinnegativeeffects."Itmayfurtherwidenthediscrepancyandgapbetweennorthernandsouthernregions,oryoucouldsaydevelopedandunderdevelopedareas,":Dongbeidiscrimination在积极争取印度等民族主义国家上,周总理在政策思想上一开始就十分明确。

  如今,上海合作组织拥有8个成员国、4个观察员国、6个对话伙伴,成员国经济和人口总量分别约占全球的20%和40%,已成为世界上幅员最广、人口最多的综合性区域合作组织,国际影响力不断提升。

    夏蒙说,这部纪录片在史料的运用、历史观点的表达方面,跟以往的纪录片比也是有突破的,讲述历史时引用的史料史实,很多是近年来党史研究的成果。

  “马克思的整个世界观不是教义,而是方法”马克思、恩格斯是当之无愧的理论创新意识最强烈、理论创新的能力最突出、理论创新活力最充沛的革命先驱。Tiangong-1hascompleteditsmaintasksandremainsasignificantmilestoneofChineseaerospacehistory,aChinesespecialistsaidasthecountrybidfarewelltoitsfirstspacelab,:15amMonday,andwasmostlyburnedupintheatmosphere,theChinaMannedSpaceEngineeringOfficeannouncedMondayonitsofficialwebsite."AsfarasIknow,nodamagetothegroundhasbeenfoundsofar,"foreignministryspokesmanGengShuangsaidatadailypressconferenceonMonday."Tiangong-1hascompleteditsmaintaskofdockingwithtargetedspacecraftandChinahasgraspedthetechnology,"JiaoWeixin,aspacescienceprofessoratPekingUniversity,,Shenzhou-9andShenzhou-10spacecraft,andwasvisitedbyfourmaleandtwofemaleastronauts,theXinhuaNewsAgencyreported."WithTiangong-1scontribution,Chinacanconfidentlywelcometheageofthespacestation,withtakingontasksofscientificexperiments,"rthwestofTahiti,BradTucker,anastrophysicistatAustralianNationalUniversity,wasquotedbyReutersassayingonMonday."Theareaisknownasthetombofspacecraftasitsmainlyocean,""farewellTiangong-1"garneredmorethan47millionviewsasofpresstimeonChinesemicroblogSinaWeibo."IwatchedthelaunchofTiangong-1whenIwas12yearsoldandfromthenonIfellinlovewithaerospace!ThankyouTiangong-1,"WeibouserLingshuiposted."Tiangong-1isagreatstepforwardinChinasspaceexplorationandamilestoneofChinamproudofit,"sGansuProvincein2011,Tiangong-1wastaskedtotestrendezvousanddocking

  

  一粒种子造福万千苍生 人民日报追记复旦大学教授钟扬

 
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惠女文化背后的守护者:小人物传承的惠女美丽风情

2019-05-27 10:15 | 福建日报 | 手机看国搜 | 打印 | 收藏 |评论 | 扫描到手机
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核心提示:惠安女是独一无二的女性群体,名扬海内外,惠女文化是福建省重要的地域特色文化品牌。在惠安,有这么一群人,默默呵护着这个闽南原生态文化的瑰宝。

曾丽明编导的群舞《姑嫂绣》。

“你把头巾一角轻轻咬在嘴里/这样优美地站在海天之间……”(舒婷《惠安女子》)

惠安女是福建省极具特色、闻名海内外的女性群体,惠女文化成为我省重要的地域特色文化品牌。在惠安,有这么一群人,他们热爱惠女文化,长年孜孜不倦地研究、传承、弘扬惠女文化,推陈出新,推动了越来越多的人关注、呵护这个闽南原生态文化的瑰宝。曾丽明、李丽英、王汉坤,就是他们中的代表。近日,记者来到惠安,和他们一起感受惠女的美丽风情。

曾丽明:为惠女编排最美的舞姿

“新木屐,穿一双,唱歌聊曲真轻松,添柴添火闹匆匆,五谷丰登好年冬!”

惠安文化馆原副馆长曾丽明,兴致勃勃地一边用闽南语吟诵,一边合着节拍即兴起舞,全然不像一位64岁的老人。

“惠安女是独一无二的女性群体,名扬海内外。我是土生土长的惠安人,有责任用艺术的形式,把这个群体的美好形象充分展示给世人。我要感谢这块土地,感谢它给我提供了这么好的题材。我只觉得,做不好对不起我的良心。”在谈到为什么长期执着于惠安女题材时,她说。

很难想象,这位20多年来创作了17个与惠安女有关的舞蹈节目,屡获国家级大奖的她,并没有接受过正规的艺术教育。

曾丽明笑着说,16岁那年,她进了县文艺宣传队,走上文艺表演的道路。当时为了普及样板戏,她被选送到省里学了1个月的《红色娘子军》,后来又转入高甲戏剧团学戏。“我不是科班出身,非常珍惜每次进修学习的机会。有一次文化部组织培训,机会难得,我把宝宝交给我妈带,整整学了1个月,周末都没有休息。”她说。

1985年,曾丽明迎来了人生的一个重要转折点。这一年,她被调到县文化馆,开始了她的舞蹈创作生涯。

这第一出戏该怎么排? 缺乏编舞经验的曾丽明发愁了。这时,原高甲戏剧团的一位编导建议她到乡下走走。曾丽明来到惠北地区,看到当地老艺人根据元宵节民俗——抢七星灯活动改编的民间舞蹈,其中惠女的形象让她感触尤深。回来后,她和别人一起创作了舞蹈 《七星灯》,生动再现了当地群众在节日期间“游灯”“戏灯”“抢灯”“舞灯”的情景,没想到一举获得全国民族民间音乐舞蹈大赛一等奖。

《七星灯》的成功大大激发了曾丽明的热情,从此她专注于惠安女题材的舞蹈节目创作,《好年冬》《海网渔歌》《赶送节》……佳作频出,连连夺得大奖。

曾丽明告诉记者,她一有空就下乡,认真观察当地的风情和渔家女特有的动作,反复揣摩提炼。她说:“惠安女的形象太美了。有一次我在海边看她们织网,见她们织一会儿,就抬头往海上看,有时会叹一口气,我就想,她们可能是在思念海上的阿哥或亲人。《海网渔歌》就是这么构思出来的。”

曾丽明曾多次拒绝办班赚钱的邀请。她说:“人的时间精力是有限的。如果你想赚钱,你就没办法专心去做这个事业。”在她和同事们的不懈努力下,如今惠安县已拥有一支颇具实力和特色的惠女艺术团。艺术团多次赴上海、深圳、香港、澳门等地演出,充分展现惠安女美丽动人的形象。

2013年,曾丽明退休。热爱舞蹈的她依然奔走在艺术实践的第一线,到学校、文化馆、少年宫指导排练。

李丽英(左)在打扮小惠女。

李丽英:我在小岞用青春作画

“我做过什么?我开过广告公司,扛过石头,学过油漆活,当过裁缝,卖过鱼,拉过大锯,经营过影楼……”37岁的李丽英一边对记者说,一边不时捂着嘴笑。

在小岞镇赤湖林场的民宿“惠女家园”,这位干练的老板娘头戴花头巾,身着自己改进的红衣蓝裤的传统惠女服饰,腰系精美宽大的银腰带,和记者侃侃而谈。

记者说,看到了她在惠安小鱼网的一篇文章,写她这些年的历程,题目叫作“我在小岞用青春作画”。李丽英笑着解释:“我是土生土长的小岞人,特别喜欢家乡的文化。你看我背后这面墙镶的一块块木板画,上面刻着不少历史故事,这是我拆了4张老床拼出来的。我在外面打拼这么多年,最后还是决定回来,就是喜欢家乡的民俗风情。我想把它们传承下去,让越来越多的年轻人喜欢。”

李丽英介绍,她在泉州、惠安城关开影楼时,就认识了一些摄影人士,常为他们联系去小岞拍照的吃住事宜。后来找她的人越来越多,她便动了回乡创业的念头。2013年5月,她回乡创办了惠安黄斗笠旅游文化传播有限公司,成立惠安女创作基地,制作传统惠女服饰,成立惠女模特队,接待全国各地的摄影爱好者。

回到家乡的李丽英发现,当地很多年轻的女孩不穿传统服饰了,一些传统的民俗风情也有所淡化。怎样让乡亲们集中感受本土文化的魅力?李丽英想到一个点子:办一场惠安女民俗春晚!

从2013年8月开始筹备,到2014年大年初二演出,在大约半年的时间里,李丽英编排节目、设计舞台、制作服装……忙得不可开交。她说,光演出服饰就要做近70套,做了1个多月。做完要让演员试穿,再改进,再试穿。演出前一天是大年初一,她还在和工人们一起赶制演出服装,一直忙到第二天凌晨。

李丽英说:“演出那天人山人海。一位高中生上台表演,她是第一次穿上惠女传统服饰,她的妈妈高兴得合不拢嘴,眼泪都出来了。最可爱的是穿惠女服饰的小演员,一上场就引起轰动。过去本地小孩子都不穿惠女服,这场演出后,很多人到我这里给小孩买服装。”

成功举办了民俗春晚,李丽英信心大增,又有了新想法:当地有不少传统小吃,现在很少见了,何不再来一场美食节?去年2月,美食节在李丽英家附近的海边空地举行,蒸猪母仔、煎麦堆、地瓜粉团……这些传统美食不但让游客大快朵颐,也勾起了当地人美好的儿时回忆。

李丽英介绍说,她成立了惠安女服饰研发中心,探索在保持惠女传统服饰基本样式的基础上,增加时代感,提高舒适度和便捷性,让年轻人更容易接受。从2006年开始,她开始有意识地收购、收藏惠女服饰。同时四处访问老人,对各种样式进行对比,在此基础上研发新产品。

如今,李丽英开发出贴贝系列品牌服装,每个年龄段的女孩子都可以找到相应的款式。记者看到,这些服装既保留了传统的韵味,又显得时尚美观。

王汉坤展示自己制作的斗笠。

王汉坤:指尖功夫造就头顶奇葩

走进净峰镇王汉坤老人的惠安女服饰传习所,记者感到眼花缭乱——头顶是一盏盏用大大小小的黄斗笠拼成的精巧花灯,周边是穿着各色惠女服饰、头戴黄斗笠的模特。

“我们这里有句老话,叫作‘一个头饰照半身’。穿传统惠女服,一定要配黄斗笠,这样才显得地道、好看。”王汉坤老人说。

他的孙子王基法正跟老人学艺。小王介绍,老人今年67岁,12岁开始在村里学做斗笠,迄今已整整55年。“做斗笠很辛苦。单调又枯燥,而且要长时间弯腰,时间久了就腰酸背痛。不过我还是想把我爷爷的绝活学会,毕竟这是我们这里的非物质文化遗产,也是我们家的传家宝,不能丢了。”

王汉坤老人现场为记者演示斗笠的制作。斗笠由竹篾编成。老人用刀将竹子破开后,用手一层层撕开竹篾,连撕18层,不但每一根竹篾中间不断,而且长度、厚度几乎一模一样,就如用机器加工的。王基法在一旁笑着说:“这是我爷爷的绝活。”

“我的斗笠全部手工制作,做一顶需要三五天。正常使用的话,二三十年不坏。你用脚踩上去,它都不会坏。当然,不要踩斗笠尖。”据介绍,到老人这里买斗笠的,不但有国内游客,还有东南亚、日本的客人。

王汉坤给自己的斗笠取了个好听的名字,叫作“凤美笠”,去年注册了商标;用“凤美笠”拼成的花灯,还获得外观设计专利。

老人告诉记者,传统文化要让年轻人喜欢,就要根据他们的喜好,不断改进。比如他开发出一系列适合年轻姑娘甚至小女孩戴的斗笠,和不断改进的惠女服装搭配。再如,过去成年人戴的斗笠,直径一般是17厘米;现在不少人骑摩托车,风一吹,斗笠就不好戴了。他就把斗笠直径扩大到18厘米,大家果然反映戴得牢了。

王汉坤老人平时热心公益。当地举办各种民俗活动,只要用到斗笠道具,他都无偿出借。学校放假,他请孩子们到传习所参观,为他们传授斗笠制作工艺。元宵佳节,他会带孩子们拿着他的斗笠花灯上街,让他们感受传统文化的魅力。

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